Author Archives: BRAINY BLOG

EDM: Displacement

Say hello to the internet trolls!

Displacement refers to the Ego Defense Mechanism which uses the technique of taking emotions or unpleasant thought (usually aggression) about one thing and using it in a different place, one of the most common example of this would be when someone’s superiors at work treats one badly, but they cannot show their anger to them, so they might end up expressing this anger somewhere else. This is also one of the reasons for internet hate and trolls hating on and fighting people on internet, they say something mean just because they had a bad day.

This can be somewhat unhealthy for a person’s relationship and may lead to them hurting or losing their friends. This displacement technique can be used healthily as well, by use of anger room or maybe just breaking some objects. It can be useful to let some steam off. Piling emotions inside can usually lead to a outburst bigger than the original emotions.

Sometimes, Displacement can also be inflicted on ourselves, Turning against oneself is a type of displacement in which the person becomes their own replacement target. it is the Freudian explanation for many of our feelings of inferiority, guilt, and depression.

(The purpose of this series is to make everyone aware of the pattern in which they react in a stressful situation to avoid anxiety, and be more woke. Please do not try to self diagnose or give unsolicitated guidance to people going through stuff. )

-Kashish Shodwani

Can Chat GPT diagnose psychological disorders correctly?

Spoiler alert: Yes.

Today I tried asking ChatGPT if it could diagnose me for mental disorders and it said, “Hello! While I am an AI language model and can provide information on mental health disorders, I am not qualified to diagnose them. It is important to seek out a qualified mental health professional, such as a psychologist or psychiatrist, for a proper diagnosis and treatment plan. They can evaluate your symptoms and help you determine the best course of action for your specific situation.” Which was not a bad response, I was happy to see it promote talking to a medical professional but from what I know about ChatGPT, it is that right prompt will always yield a right answer.

So the next thing, I did was tell it symptoms, and ask what does it think I have, to which it answered correctly and advised me to get medical support from a professional. Not bad for an AI honestly. It was able to correctly diagnose ADHD, Bipolar and Panic attacks, even when I didn’t make it too obvious with the symptoms. (or did I? check out the screen shot below) I think it is revolutionary for the psychological industry to have this. It is important to note that sometimes symptoms are not obvious and overlapping with other disorders so please do not take AI’s word for your mental illness.

-Kashish Shodwani

EDM: Reaction Formation

Do you like hate-love rom-com trope?

One of the most interesting Ego Defense mechanisms of all is Reaction Formation. It is a defense mechanism that occurs when a person automatically replaces an unpleasant or anxiety-inducing impulse with its opposite. It is frequently displayed in an exaggerated or spectacular manner. Interesting right?

One of the most definitive example for the same is when someone exaggeratedly shows their hate for someone, even though unconsciously they like them. Here although they like them, their super ego thinks it is not the right thing, i.e. maybe they do not want to feel strong emotions or there is some societal restraints in liking them. Whatever the case may be, strong hate emotions for no reason can be a sign of attraction. This can be true the other way around too, when someone is extremely sweet, they might be jealous or envious of you.

Another common example of Reaction formation can be, when someone is driven by unaccepted desires of society, they might become super spiritual which is opposite of their desire to avoid it. Maybe this is the reason we see a lot of child abuse cases with priests. (This is my take on this)

(The purpose of this series is to make everyone aware of the pattern in which they react in a stressful situation to avoid anxiety, and be more woke. Please do not try to self diagnose or give unsolicited guidance to people going through stuff. )

-Kashish Shodwani

EDM: Denial

Well, the Nile is a river in Egypt?

Denial is one of the most common Ego Defense mechanism and is talked about a lot. It works on a basic principle, to not accept the unpleasant thought as it causes pain or displeasure. It is a failure to acknowledge reality, which prevents external events from being perceived.

This Ego Defense mechanism is usually observed after a traumatic event, like death of a loved one or a shocking news of illness. Usually, it is the conscious mind denying the fact that it happened by assuming things like “They are lying” or “It is just a prank”. However, it can also sometimes manifest when on some level they also believe the information, but do not let conscious mind acknowledge it. This can be seen as, “This is not happening” or “This cannot happen”, such a defense mechanism is short lived followed by acceptance of reality.

If the situation is not as shocking or bad, but a more acceptable situation, such as “Sick Relative”. It may go on for longer, if a situation becomes too hard for a person to handle. He or she may respond by refusing to notice it or denying that it exists.

(The purpose of this series is to make everyone aware of the pattern in which they react in a stressful situation to avoid anxiety, and be more woke. Please do not try to self diagnose or give unsolicited guidance to people going through stuff.)

-Kashish Shodwani

Ego Defense Mechanisms: Introduction to Psychoanalytic theory.

Ego Defense mechanisms are mechanisms used by us, to avoid any unpleasant thought, memory or feeling. (or sometimes even good feelings too) these mechanisms are usually unconscious, and are used by our psyche to protect us from feeling emotions we don’t want to feel. The term was coined by Sigmund Freud and works on premise of psychoanalytic theory.

To understand more about these defense mechanisms, we should learn about various aspects of psychoanalytic theory.

Conscious, Subconscious and Unconscious

Our psyche consists of three types of consciousness,

  1. Conscious: This consciousness are the active thoughts that we are aware of, and act on. also can be recognised as voice in your head.
  2. Subconscious: This consciousness is somewhat passive, but can be brought into little when concentrated on. this consciousness can be seen in places like forgetting you’re driving but bein able to drive perfectly.
  3. Unconscious: These are repressed thoughts, memories and feelings that can only be brought in conscious mind by thorough work. People are almost always unaware of these unconscious thoughts.

These consciousness works hand in hand with freudian aspects of personality.

Id, Ego &Super-Ego

  1. Id: This is an aspect of personality that acts as a kid of the personality, which work on instant gratification system or pleasure principle. This aspect of personality usually do not care about practicality and have desires to get what it wants. This aspect is usually not active in the conscious mind.
  2. Ego: Not the traditional ego we talk about, but it is a decision making aspect which works on reality principle. Ego cares about reasoning and a correct way to get what is desired. This is the most conscious aspect of the personality.
  3. Super-ego: This is the moral driven aspect of our psyche, it is the voice of conscience and source of self criticism. Super-ego always wants to do the right thing.

After understanding various driving factors of psychoanalytic theory, we can now look at ego defense mechanisms, these mechanisms are used by the Ego to fight the anxiety causing unconscious thoughts which are often derived by conflicts between Id and Super-Ego. It is necessary for us to be aware of these reactions to better deal with our emotions and understand why we behave the way we do.

There are a lot of these mechanisms, namely.

  1. Denial
  2. Repression
  3. Regression
  4. Projection
  5. Displacement
  6. Sublimation
  7. Rationalisation
  8. Reaction Formation

We will talk about each of them in the coming blog posts, in the series ego defense mechanisms (EDM).

-Kashish Shodwani

Process Post 12: How I plan on saving myself from Trolls.

Once things go off the ground, it is almost impossible t avoid trolls, In today’s community people hide behind mask of anonymity to spread hate, Why is that? as a psychology enthusiast, I understand why people would want to let off some steam, and use method of emotion displacement to feel better about themselves. So I will try to slow down and not let anything get to my heart or not start a fight. I really liked the video shown in tutorial, where when the trolls were confronted they just apologized and turns out they were going through something of their own.

The ted talk by Jon Ronson was also very insightful about how something so small can turn into so huge and ruin someone’s life. On internet, People tend misread people’s emotions sometimes, as there is lack of voice, intonation and expression. which makes matter of fights on internet worse. It is never black and white, and it is almost impossible to stop yourself to get in this spiral of people hating you.

As for my website I am going to set the guidelines of comment to need approval before posting so that it stays a safe place here.

Process Post 11: Transmedia

Transmedia is a fascinating concept now more then ever when there are NFCs growing in popularity, after reading about how Pokemon uses Transmedia, I was fascinated, from the show to playing cards, and now as technology has advanced, pokemon go and NFCs. the pokemon universe seems never ending. I couldn’t find many ways to include transmedia for my page, I may go forward and make a youtube or a tiktok page for psychology hacks, or maybe even start selling little pins saying “brainiac”, which might indicate being part of this intimate community and well, using psychology the right way… or wrong 😉

as my page is not an entertainment community I think the potential for transmedia is less, but if I ever get an opportunity to, I will not shy away form it.

My google analytic did not provide much data on my audience, as mostly right now only users Direct, which may be from the course itself, so I think I should better start using right words to attract audience in.

Process post 10: SEO

I have a very bittersweet relationship with SEO, as it never seem to work for me. I first came across the word when I opened up my etsy store, where I struggled a lot to drive traffic and eventually failed, although still working, my etsy page has made very less profit. The article “15 Reasons Why Your Business Absolutely Needs SEO” was very helpful and insightful, and brought up many reasons why I should pay more attention to SEO for both my etsy store and my website.

The article brought up many reasons why SEO is important which were new to me, one of which were how Seo impacts buying cycle, SEO Brings New Opportunities to Light both of these reasons points towards how seo is a tool not just for consumer but for me a creator to understand the needs of consumer. how t perfectly use seo is not an easy thing to learn and skills for the same can only be gained with time. For me I am going to use as many terms as I can to attract consumers.

Why AI should not be banned from classroom?

Artificial intelligence (AI) is the ongoing talk of the town, AI has made rapid progress in recent years, which has also led to growing concern amongst academics and professionals about its impact on society. (Luckin & Cukurova, 2019). As AI is advancing and becoming readily available for the public to use. Some students are starting to adapt to it and integrate AI products like ChatGPT and Dall-E in their learning but there is still resistance from most academics (Duckworth & Ungar, 2023). In this essay, we will explore the pros and cons of Chat GPT and why AI should not be banned but rather integrated into learning for the future. 

AI has the ability to revolutionize the way we learn and interact with data. As described in the previous ChatGPT essay, AI language models can help with personalized learning, research, information collecting, collaborative learning, and peer-to-peer support. Yet, there are possible hazards and concerns linked with AI in education, such as the potential for bias perpetuation and lessening the necessity of human teachers.

After trying ChatGPT for the first time, I was impressed by its efficiency, but after using it more and researching I was able to conclude that ChatGPT isn’t reliable enough to blindly trust, not only does it provide common and mainstream ideas but also sometimes incorrectly answer the question given, which defeats the whole purpose of using it as it isn’t able to correctly perform it’s a major function. (Kim, 2023) Although it should be noted that the functionality of AI will only improve in the coming future, AI isn’t and will never be as creative and accurate as a human mind. “Cheating With ChatGPT: Can OpenAI’s Chatbot Pass AP Lit? | WSJ” is a very appropriate example for the same, in this video, the host could only get a C with help of AI in AP literature, which is far less than other students in the class.

As a student, I have seen a lot of my peers using ChatGPT to write assignments, and some even use them for online examinations. It is robbing students of motivation to write and think for themselves (Baron, 2023). These students who are relying on ChatGPT are not acquiring the essential skills needed to succeed in academics or in other professions in the future, It can be argued that in the future as AI improves, the workforce would have adopted its use in their work. However, core skills and skills to evaluate, edit, and improve the product of AI are still going to be necessary to stay ahead in the industry. 

The usage of AI has also resulted in growing concern regarding plagiarism as ChatGPT uses data from other sources without citing them accurately, this ethical implication has led to huge discouragement in the use of AI in academia. We should consider how we have been already using tech tools for academic writing for a long time, for instance, SFU Library offers as well as promotes a citation generator for citing academic sources, back in the day, citations were typed out without the help of these generators. Technology is not going to stop growing and humankind should advance with it rather than resist it. AI is another such technology, and the more we are resistant to it slower we will advance and grow with it. 

Given these concerns, it is critical that we use AI in our daily lives in a responsible and ethical manner. Rather than flatly prohibiting AI, we should investigate methods to best utilize the capabilities it provides while limiting its potential risks and limitations. This includes investing in ethical AI research and development, developing norms and standards for AI use in diverse industries, and promoting public education and understanding of the potential benefits and risks of AI.

There are always going to be concerns emerging with anything new that arises, soon AI will be the handy tool everyone uses, and efficient use of AI will become a required skill for employment in certain sectors. It is the job of the university to make the students equipped with the skills they are going to need in the future. For effective learning, universities should promote stricter policies and usage of creative novel ideas AI can’t generate and promote discussions and group work over individual assignments. 


  Baron, N. S. (2023). How ChatGPT robs students of motivation to write and think for themselves. The Conversation : Education.

Kim, B. (2023). LET’S STOP PRETENDING- CHATGPT ISN’T THAT SMART. Barron’s103(7), 19–20.

Luckin, R., & Cukurova, M. (2019). Designing educational technologies in the age of AI: A Learning sciences-driven approach. British Journal of Educational Technology, 50(6), 2824-2838. doi:10.1111/bjet.12861

Angela Duckworth, Lyle Ungar. (January 19, 2023 Thursday). Chatbots belong in our classrooms; Banning ChatGPT is like keeping students from using Wikipedia or calculators. Los Angeles Times.