Tag Archives: social media

Let’s Talk Facebook

In my opinion, I believe that Facebook is already in its declining stages as older individuals are beginning to dominate the platform. We see our mum’s, aunties and uncles spending more time on Facebook sharing posts that are not credible; sharing pictures without thinking about what Facebook is doing with all their data and allowing strangers to view their pictures and private information. For many of us in our 20s, we understand the importance of protecting our privacy. We need to be cautious of what future employers, and coworkers are seeing. Although it is illegal for future employers to go through our social media platforms when deciding whether or not to employ us, it is a very common practice and therefore we should be cautions when posting anything on any open platform.

As for keeping in touch with individuals around the world, a world without Facebook would not necessarily make much of a difference in many of our lives today. This is because there are many other more engaging platforms such as Instagram where individuals can share highlights of their lives and keep it much more private. We are also able to have conversations with individuals on various platforms such as Skype, WhatsApp and so on.

Facebook is more difficult to keep private, as the user has to figure out exactly how to privatize different aspects of their profile. This includes privatizing albums, posts and profile pictures all separately. As for Instagram, the user simply privatizes their entire account and this means that those who do not follow the individual cannot access their posts. For me personally, I choose not to post anything on Facebook anymore because I allow anyone that I know or have heard of to become a friend. I have managed to delete old unnecessary posts and privatize pictures of when I was younger to the point where only I am able to view them. On Instagram however, I only allow close friends or individuals I want seeing my posts follow me. This allows me to keep my life private and protected from individuals who have no business in seeing my personal life.

Last Week Tonight Case Study – Essay

New media technologies are advancing every year, as citizens, we do our best to adapt and evolve with each of these changes. Over the past decade, society has begun to turn their backs on traditional news sources, and since the rise of social media, it has become a new source for information. People believe this …

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Process Post #4

I never really thought about who I imagined my audience to be.


I’m quite a private person, even online; my Facebook profile is mostly private, my main Instagram is private, and I’m very selective of the things I share on social media. Ever since elementary school, educators have talked about the dangers and consequences of posting personal information or inappropriate content on social media. So I’ve always been paranoid about posting things online. Worries like, future employers looking through my profiles, have prevented me from publishing public posts. My usual audience on social media would only be people I know in real life.


Now that I have a public outlet, who is my public audience going to be? I imagine the younger generation in Vancouver or tourists looking for places to eat. Once I expand my blog posts to talk about myself and my life, I think my audience will be more women and girls, since it would be relatable to them. Since, I think my audience would be mostly adolescents and young adults, I like to write informally, to seem more fun and friendly. All of my design decisions have been based on my own preferences, as this blog is almost like a public diary for me.


But so far, I’m pretty sure that the only people who look at my blog would be the PUB101 professor and peer reviewers, because I haven’t advertised my blog at all.

Essay #1

Fake news are not the products of the modern era. In the past, politicians also use propaganda to fit their own needs. Also, in some countries, traditional media such as newspapers and magazines are controlled and censored by the government who would only approve contents that are not against the government. However, the reason why fake news became an important issue was due to the development of Internet and social media platforms as we are entering the digital era. Fake news always exist but their power grows when the method to spread information changed.

How Did Internet and Social Media Platforms Influence Fake News?
The development of Internet and social media platforms had cleared a lot of barriers on the publishing and the spreading of fake news. In an article from The Telegraph, the author James Carson summarized three ways how social media revolution influenced fake news.
First, the creation of Facebook, Twitter and WordPress decreased the cost to publish and to distribute news. For traditional paper media, it may take hours or days to collect information, to edit content and to print those contents on paper. However, with the assistance of social media platform, it would save a lot of time and money to publish information. Second, various social media platforms had increased the accessibility of fake news to a large amount of audiences. Also, because of the lowered cost, publishers of fake news would not worry about the building of trust and the consequence of losing trust. Third, it was difficult to regulate online social media by law. Most publishers of fake news are anonymous individuals. Without regulation and restriction, online publishers would not worry about taking responsibility of their behaviors.

In my opinion, I agree with the author. The social media platform had speed up the information exchange in a good way. However, speeding up the sharing of fake news was one of its side effect.

How Powerful is Fake News?
A group of scholars from Stanford University had conducted studies on the role of fake news on 2016 US presidential election.

First, in order to test the significance of social media, they conducted a post-election online survey among 1200 people. The results showed that only 14 per cent of Americans considered social media as the most important sources of information during the election (Allcott and Gentzkow, 2017). Later, they also used fake stories and placebo stories to conduct an experiment. After a series of calculation, they estimated that a single fake news story had a persuasion rate equivalent to seeing 36 television campaign ads (Allcott and Gentzkow, 2017).

In my opinion, we are surrounded by high technology and digital products in urban cities. We become attached to online social media platform to the extent that we ignored the other sources of information. We became biased and even tend to omit the fact that there are certain per cent of people who still rely on newspaper or TV as dominant source of information. Therefore, I believed that the power of fake news could be huge but it was also limited only to people who frequently use social media platforms.

What Can We Do with Fake News?
Understanding the role of social media platforms on fake news and the limited influence of fake news, the next question would be what we could do with fake news.

As a person who could not live without social media platform, I would suggest myself and other users of social media platform to raise awareness of fake news. This is the first step. Lipkin is the executive director of National Association for Media Literacy Education. She believed that “Education is key and is our most powerful weapon against falsehoods.” (Padgett, 2017). We should understand that somehow we are more or less biased but the key to avoid falling in the trap of fake news is education.

On the other hand, I think it was also the responsibility of the social media platforms to make regulations on their users’ online behaviors. Some may worry that it could damage the freedom of speech of their users but I believed that our online behavior should be regulated as our offline behaviors. Purposely spreading false news should be identified and banned. Recently, Facebook began using third-party fact-checkers and gave its users the ability to manually report fake news posts (Tarantola, 2017). It is unsure if the solution would work but it indicated that at least, social media platform companies had moved towards solving the fake news problem.

To conclude, I found that fake news always exist but during recent years, Internet and social media platforms had amplify the power of fake news. However, according to studies, the influence of fake news may not be as huge as we expected. To minimize the damage of fake news, social media users should educate themselves and social media companies should make policies to manage their online communities.


Allcott, H., Gentzkow,M. (2017). Social Media and Fake News in the 2016 Election. Retrieved from https://web.stanford.edu/~gentzkow/research/fakenews.pdf

Carson, J. (2017). What is fake news? Its origins and how it grew under Donald Trump. Retrieved from http://www.telegraph.co.uk/technology/0/fake-news-origins-grew-2016/

Padgett, L. (2017). Filtering Out Fake News: It All Starts With Media Literacy. Retrieved from http://www.infotoday.com/it/jan17/Padgett–Filtering-Out-Fake-News.shtml

Tarantola, A. (2017). Facebook now flags fake news. Retrieved from https://www.engadget.com/2017/03/06/facebook-now-flags-fake-news/